If you are fishing for crappie, bream, sunfish, or bluegill type panfish, then bobber fishing is about as effective as anything. The key is to use a small bobber as opposed to a large one. Large bobbers are easier to see at a distance, but they are also more visible to the panfish. A smaller bobber will draw more action. Place your hook down about two feet below the bobber, and use a #6 hook. If you are fishing for smaller bream then use a smaller hook. This panfishing technique is very easy, but you should know that patience is the key. If you do not get a bite in a few minutes, move on to another location.
If you are fishing for perch or bullhead, then you will need to use a bottom rig most often. This is a split shot sinker and a swivel rig along with a #4 to #6 hook. You will want to slowly troll the bottom of the water source in the evenings or nighttime for these types of fish most often. This panfishing technique is a bit more challenging but very rewarding. Bullhead panfish are very good to eat and are a great deal of fun to catch.